ISSN: 2423-6438  
J Renal Endocrinol. 2015;1(1): e5.

Epidemiology and Prevention

Interrelation between blood pressure and diabetes

Manzoor Ahmed Lala 1 * , Chaudhary Muhammad Junaid-Nazar 2, Hameem Ahmed Lala 3, Jitendra Kumar Singh 4

1 Public Health Development Services Ltd, London, UK.
2 Department of Nephrology, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Pakistan
3 St. Medical Sciences, Harris Academy, London, UK.
4 Department of Cardiology, Apollo Hospital, New Delhi, India.
*Corresponding author: Manzoor Ahmed Lala, Email:

Please cite this paper as: Lala MA, Nazar CMJ, Lala HA, Singh JK. Interrelation between blood pressure and diabetes. JRenal Endocrinol. 2015;1:e05.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education

It has been known for some time that certain co-morbidities have the ability to exaggerate the severity of primary hypertension and display synergistic effects on target organ damage. Several interrelating phenotypes with primary hypertension have been described, of which the most common are the components of the metabolic syndrome i.e. insulin resistance with concomitant hyperinsulinemia, central obesity and dyslipidemia. The absence of cut-off values for the quantitative traits comprising the syndrome has obscured the advent of a clear-cut definition of the metabolic syndrome.

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Submitted: 09 Feb 2015

Accepted: 02 Mar 2015
First published online: 07 Mar 2015
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