ISSN: 2423-6438  
J Renal Endocrinol. 2017;3(1): e3.


The adverse effects of vitamin D deficiency on health

Hamid Nasri *

1 Nickan Research Institute, Isfahan, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Prof. Hamid Nasri, Email:


Vitamin D has been demonstrated to play the important roles on the muscular, immune, endocrine and also central nervous systems. Furthermore, vitamin D deficiency is one of the global problems because of the prevalence of osteoporosis, rickets, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cancer, and cardiovascular and also renal diseases. On the other hands, vitamin D toxicity is widespread that negatively affects on gastrointestinal disorders and kidney stones. Thereby, the aim of this mini-review paper is to illustrate the negative effects of vitamin D deficiency on the health.

Citation: Nasri H. The adverse effects of vitamin D deficiency on health. J Renal Endocrinol. 2017;3:e03. DOI:10.15171/jre.2017.03.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education

Vitamin D plays vital roles on many organs including muscle, endocrine, bone and immune systems. Thus, vitamin D status either deficiency or toxicity adversely affects human health.

First name
Last name
Email address
Security code

Submitted: 17 Oct 2016

Accepted: 02 Jan 2017
First published online: 08 Jan 2017
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - FireFox Plugin)

Abstract Page Views: 557
PDF Downloads: 354
Full Text Views: 0