ISSN: 2423-6438  
J Renal Endocrinol. 2017;3(1): e3.
doi:10.15171/jre.2017.03

Mini-Review

The adverse effects of vitamin D deficiency on health

Hamid Nasri *

1 Nickan Research Institute, Isfahan, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Prof. Hamid Nasri, Email: hamidnasri@med.mui.ac.ir

Abstract

Vitamin D has been demonstrated to play the important roles on the muscular, immune, endocrine and also central nervous systems. Furthermore, vitamin D deficiency is one of the global problems because of the prevalence of osteoporosis, rickets, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cancer, and cardiovascular and also renal diseases. On the other hands, vitamin D toxicity is widespread that negatively affects on gastrointestinal disorders and kidney stones. Thereby, the aim of this mini-review paper is to illustrate the negative effects of vitamin D deficiency on the health.

Citation: Nasri H. The adverse effects of vitamin D deficiency on health. J Renal Endocrinol. 2017;3:e03. DOI:10.15171/jre.2017.03.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education

Vitamin D plays vital roles on many organs including muscle, endocrine, bone and immune systems. Thus, vitamin D status either deficiency or toxicity adversely affects human health.

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Submitted: 17 Oct 2016

Accepted: 02 Jan 2017
First published online: 08 Jan 2017
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