Vitamin D has been demonstrated to play the important roles on the muscular, immune, endocrine and also central nervous systems. Furthermore, vitamin D deficiency is one of the global problems because of the prevalence of osteoporosis, rickets, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cancer, and cardiovascular and also renal diseases. On the other hands, vitamin D toxicity is widespread that negatively affects on gastrointestinal disorders and kidney stones. Thereby, the aim of this mini-review paper is to illustrate the negative effects of vitamin D deficiency on the health.
Citation: Nasri H. The adverse effects of vitamin D deficiency on health. J Renal Endocrinol. 2017;3:e03. DOI:10.15171/jre.2017.03.
Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education
Vitamin D plays vital roles on many organs including muscle, endocrine, bone and immune systems. Thus, vitamin D status either deficiency or toxicity adversely affects human health.